You can never be truly prepared for an emergency, but there are a number of things that you can do to mitigate the effects of an emergency. This page has been designed with an eye toward providing you with some of that valuable information.
For more information on Emergency/Disaster Preparedness, visit www.emergencymanagementontario.ca
On This Page:
- Township’s Emergency Response Plan
- Survival Kits and Checklists
- What To Do In An Emergency
- During a Power Failure – Safety Tips
- If You Have to Evacuate
- For More Information
Township of Elizabethtown-Kitley Emergency Response Plan
By-law 04-05: A By-law to Establish a Peacetime Emergency Plan for the Township of Elizabethtown-Kitley received third reading February 9th, 2004. The By-law puts into place the Township’s Emergency Response Plan. The plan is designed to provide a framework for a coordinated response to a variety of potential emergency situations.
Survival Kits and Checklists
The 72 Hours Survival Kit
Emergency Management Ontario suggests that you have on hand a kit containing the following items; you should have one kit for each member of your household.
Your kit should contain:
- Flashlight and batteries
- Radio and batteries or crank radio
- Spare Batteries (for radio or flashlight)
- First Aid Kit
- Candles and matches/lighter
- Extra Car Keys and Cash
- Important Papers (identification)
- Food and Bottled Water
- Clothing and footwear
- Blankets or sleeping bags
- Toilet paper and other personal items
- Backpack/duffle bag (to hold all of the emergency survival items)
- Whistle (to attract attention, if needed)
- Playing cards, games
For more information on the 72 Hour Survival Kit, visit the website of Emergency Management Ontario at www.emergencymanagementontario.ca
Survival Kit for Your Car
Whether in your home or on the road, you need to be prepared for any eventuality. The following list of items should be kept in your car:
- Sand, salt or kitty litter
- Traction mats
- Tow chain
- Cloth or roll of paper towels
- Warning light or road flares
- Extra clothing and footwear
- Emergency food pack
- Axe or hatchet
- Booster cables
- Ice scraper and brush
- Road maps
- Matches and a “survival” candle in a deep can (to warm hands, heat a drink or use as an emergency light)
- Fire extinguisher (not water based)
- Methyl hydrate (for fuel line and windshield de-icing)
- First-aid kit with seatbelt cutter
- Blanket (special “survival” blankets are best)
Don’t Forget the Pets – Survival Kits for Fuzzy Friends
Remember – In an emergency people come first. However, it never hurts to be prepared. When putting together 72 Hour Kits for yourself and the other members of your household, don’t forget to provide for your pets. The following items can be set aside for care of your pets during an emergency:
- Food and Water
- Spare Dishes for Food and Water
- Disposable litter box, litter and scoop
- Leash and collar (and possibly a tie-out rope)
- Pet Carrier
- Blanket or Towel
- Plastic bags (for scooping)
A Note About Food and Water
If you suspect that your drinking water supply is contaminated:
- Bring water to a boil for 10 minutes.
- Add five (5) drops of chlorine bleach to 4.5L of clear water and let stand for 15 minutes.
- Add ten (10) drops of chlorine bleach to 4.5L of cloudy water and let stand for thirty (30) minutes.
- Without power, a full chest freezer will keep everything frozen for about two days if kept closed. A refrigerator will keep food cool for 4-6 hours.
“Remember, if in doubt, throw it out!”
What to Do In An Emergency
Emergency Management Ontario (EMO) has outlined some basic procedures for various types of disasters/emergencies.
What to do during an earthquake depends largely on where you are during the quake.
If You Are Inside
EMO advises you to stay inside, away from windows. If possible they suggest you move yourself under a heavy desk or table and hang on. If this isn’t possible, they advise you to flatten yourself against an interior wall and protect your head and neck.
If You Are Outside
The EMO suggests you are to move away from buildings or structures and into an open area. Stay away from power lines and downed electrical wires.
If You Are In A Car
Stop the car and stay in it. During an earthquake avoid bridges, overpasses, underpasses, buildings or anything that can fall onto your car.
During a tornado your reaction will be determined by your surroundings:
If You Are Inside
Go to the basement right away. In areas where there are no basements, lie flat (or crouch) under heavy furniture in a small inner room or stairwell. Stay away from windows.
If You Are Outside
If you have no shelter, lie down in a ditch or ravine and protect your head and neck.
If You Are In Your Car
Leave your car and move away from it. Your car could be blown about and may roll over you. Once you have moved away from the car, follow the directions above.
Severe Lightning Storms
The EMO advises that you follow these instructions during a severe lightning storm:
If You Are Inside
Stay inside away from windows, doors, fireplaces, radiators, stoves, metal pipes, sinks or electrical charge conductors. The EMO recommends unplugging TVs, radios, toasters and other electrical appliances. Do not use the telephone or other electrical equipment.
If You Are Outside
Find shelter wherever possible; the EMO recommends seeking out a building, cave or depressed area. If you are unable to find shelter, crouch down low with your feet close together and your head down. Do not lie flat – this will increase the risk of being electrocuted. Keep away from telephone and power lines, fences, trees and hilltops. Stay off bicycles, motorcycles and tractors.
If You Are In Your Car
Stop your car and stay inside. Don’t stop the car near power lines or trees which could fall.
During a flood, Emergency Management Ontario suggests that you take the following actions to minimize the damage to your home:
- Turn off basement furnaces
- Turn off outside gas valve
- Shut off the electricity – if the area around the fuse box is wet, stand on a dry board and use a dry wooded stick to shut off the power.
- Never try to cross a flooded area, whether you are on foot or in a car – the fast moving water could sweep you and your car away. Flood waters can cause your car to stall – if this happens, leave your car and get yourself and passengers to safety on foot.
Fire Safety Tips During Power Failures
When your power is out, you may be introducing potential hazards to your home. Please review the following tips and take extra precautions to ensure that everyone stays safe. If you have any questions, contact your Fire Department at 498-2460.
Use flashlights whenever possible. If you must use candles, take extreme care.
- Candles should be placed in secure candleholders, protected by a glass chimney.
- Keep candles away from any combustible materials.
- Place candles out of reach of children or pets.
- Extinguish all candles when you leave the room or go to bed.
- Avoid using candles in bedrooms and never leave candles unattended.
Matches and Lighters
Keep all matches and lighters out of sight and reach of children, preferably in a locked cabinet.
Shut your Stove Off
Ensure that all elements and ovens are OFF and that nothing has been left on top of the stove.
- Portable generators should be carefully placed outside to ensure that fumes do not enter the home. Install a battery powered CO detector in your home.
- Generators and hot exhaust gases should be kept away from combustibles.
- Store fuel for the generator outside the home. Keep the fuel in an approved container a safe distance away from your home and generator.
- Refuel the generator only after shutting it down and letting it cool. Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations regarding use.
Smoke alarms electrically connected to your home’s AC power supply will not work when the power is out unless they have battery back-ups. Find out what type of alarms you have in your home and ensure you are protected by battery operated smoke alarms in the event of a power failure. Test all smoke alarms now.Plan Your Escape
Ensure everyone in the home knows what to do in the event of fire. Who is going to look after the children or older adults? Where do you want everyone to meet outside the home? Call the fire department from a neighbor’s home. Everyone should have at least one phone (not cordless) that works during a power failure.
If You Have To Evacuate
In the event that you are asked to evacuate your home you will be instructed as to the appropriate emergency shelter location. Emergency Management Ontario has the following tips for those who are asked to leave their homes:
- Leave immediately
- Kits – Take your emergency survival kit with you
- Shut it Off – Shut off water, gas and electricity if you are instructed to do so by officials
- Pets – Make arrangements for pets – don’t forget their survival kits
- Dress for the Weather – Wear clothes and shoes appropriate to conditions
- Lock the house
- Don’t Take Shortcuts – Follow the routes specified by the officials. Don’t take shortcuts – this could lead you to a blocked or hazardous area
- Leave a Note – Leave a note for others telling them when you left and where you went
- Register Yourself At the Shelter – If you are evacuated, sign up with the registration center so you can be contacted or reunited with others you care about
Prolonged Winter Evacuations – If you have to evacuate your home for a prolonged period during a winter power failure, drain the water from the plumbing system. Starting at the top of the house open all taps and flush toilets several times, and open the drain valve in the basement. Drain your hot water tank by attaching a hose to the tank drain valve and running it to the basement floor drain (if you drain a gas-fired water tank, the pilot light should be turned off – the local gas supplier should be called to re-light it). Unhook washing machine hoses and drain.
For More Information
To learn more about Emergency Preparedness, including how to cope with the after effects of an emergency, please visit any of the websites listed below.
Canadian Red Cross
St. John’s Ambulance
Emergency Preparedness – Public Safety Canada